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The field emission (FE) properties of carbon nanotube (CNT)-based cathodes have been investigated on nanostructured surfaces grown by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The FE angular properties and temporal stability of the emergent electron beam have been determined using a dedicated apparatus for cathodes of various architectures and geometries, characterized by scanning electron microscopy and I–V measurements. The angular electron beam divergence and time instability at the extraction stage, which are crucial parameters in order to obtain high brilliance of FE-based-cathode electron sources, have been measured for electrons emitted by several regular architectures of vertically aligned arrays and critically compared to conventional disordered cathodes. The measured divergences strongly depend on the grid mesh. For regular arrays of individual CNT, divergences from 2° to 5° have …
AIP Publishing LLC
Publication date: 
28 Oct 2016

S Iacobucci, M Fratini, A Rizzo, Yan Zhang, MT Cole, WI Milne, Sergio Lagomarsino, A Liscio, G Stefani

Biblio References: 
Volume: 120 Issue: 16 Pages: 164305
Journal of Applied Physics