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Engineering physicochemical properties of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide (2D-TMD) materials by surface manipulation is essential to enabling their practical and large-scale application. This is especially challenging for colloidal 2D-TMDs that are plagued by the unintentional formation of structural defects during the synthetic procedure. However, the available methods to manage surface states of 2D-TMDs in solution phase are still limited, hampering the production of high-quality colloidal 2D-TMD inks. Here, we demonstrate an efficient solution-phase strategy to passivate surface defect states of colloidal WS2 nanoflakes with halide ligands, which results in the activation of their photoluminescence emission. Photophysical investigation and density functional theory calculations suggest that halide atoms enable the suppression of non-radiative recombination through the elimination of deep gap …
Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2021

Rosanna Mastria, Anna Loiudice, Jan Vávra, Concetta Nobile, Riccardo Scarfiello, P Davide Cozzoli, Alessandro Kovtun, Andrea Liscio, Nicola Sestu, Daniela Marongiu, Francesco Quochi, Raffaella Buonsanti, Michele Saba, Arrigo Calzolari, Aurora Rizzo

Biblio References: 
Volume: 9 Issue: 7 Pages: 2398-2407
Journal of Materials Chemistry C